Professor Bruce Henry Smaill

BE BSc(Hons) Cant., DIC PhD Lond.


Professor Bruce Smaill is a Principal Investigator in the Auckland Bioengineering Institute, and a long-standing member of the Department of Physiology.

Research | Current

Professor Bruce Smaill is interested in the muscular architecture of the heart and how this affects electrical and mechanical function in normal and diseased hearts.

His research with colleagues in Auckland has been influential in the field. It combines structural imaging, experimental studies and computer modelling, and involves a team of physiologists, bioengineers and clinicians.

Research links

Postgraduate supervision


  • Jesse Ashton, Neural architecture in the right atrium and its role in the development and maintenance of atrial arrhythmias in heart disease
  • Prashanna Khwaounjoo, Fibrosis and sudden cardiac death
  • Shu Meng, Characterising substrates for persistent atria fibrillation
  • Girish Ramlugun, Characterization of Fibrosis and Its Functional Role in Persistent Atrial Fibrillation
  • Sally Rutherford, Structure and electrical propagation in the border zone of a healed myocardial infarct
  • Belvin Thomas, Computer modeling of persistent atrial fibrillation BTHO733

Selected publications and creative works (Research Outputs)

  • Caldwell, B. J., Trew, M. L., Le Grice, I., & Smaill, B. (2017). Development of 3D intramural and surface potentials in the LV: microstructural basis of preferential transmural conduction. Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology, 28 (6), 692-701. 10.1111/jce.13207
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Bryan Caldwell, Mark Trew, Ian LeGrice
  • Ashton, J. L., Le Grice, I. J., Paterson, D. J., Paton, J. F. R., Trew, M. L., Gillis, A. M., & Smaill, B. H. (2017). Shift of dominant pacemaker site during reflex vagal stimulation is the result of propagation failure. Paper presented at Heart Rhythm Society 38th Annual Scientific Sessions, Chicago, USA. 10 May - 13 May 2017. Heart Rhythm. 10.1016/j.hrthm.2017.04.010
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Ian LeGrice, David Paterson, Julian Paton, Mark Trew
  • Bear, L., Cheng, L., Dubois, R., Loiselle, D., & Smaill, B. (2016). A Comparison of Discretization Methods for the Inverse Problem of Electrocardiography. Paper presented at 43rd Computing in Cardiology Conference (CinC), Vancouver, CANADA. 11 September - 14 September 2016. 2016 COMPUTING IN CARDIOLOGY CONFERENCE (CINC), VOL 43. (pp. 4).
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Denis Loiselle
  • Connolly, A., Trew, M. L., Smaill, B. H., Plank, G., & Bishop, M. J. (2015). Local Gradients in Electrotonic Loading Modulate the Local Effective Refractory Period: Implications for Arrhythmogenesis in the Infarct Border Zone. IEEE transactions on bio-medical engineering, 62 (9), 2251-2259. 10.1109/tbme.2015.2421296
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Mark Trew
  • Bear, L. R., Cheng, L. K., LeGrice, I. J., Sands, G. B., Lever, N. A., Paterson, D. J., & Smaill, B. H. (2015). Forward problem of electrocardiography: is it solved?. Circulation. Arrhythmia and electrophysiology, 8 (3), 677-684. 10.1161/circep.114.001573
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Gregory Sands, Ian LeGrice, Leo Cheng
  • Khwaounjoo, P., Rutherford, S. L., Svrcek, M., LeGrice, I. J., Trew, M. L., & Smaill, B. H. (2015). Image-based motion correction for optical mapping of cardiac electrical activity. Annals of biomedical engineering, 43 (5), 1235-1246. 10.1007/s10439-014-1172-8
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Mark Trew, Ian LeGrice
  • Bernus, O., Radjenovic, A., Trew, M. L., LeGrice, I. J., Sands, G. B., Magee, D. R., ... Gilbert, S. H. (2015). Comparison of diffusion tensor imaging by cardiovascular magnetic resonance and gadolinium enhanced 3D image intensity approaches to investigation of structural anisotropy in explanted rat hearts. Journal of cardiovascular magnetic resonance : official journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, 1710.1186/s12968-015-0129-x
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Gregory Sands, Mark Trew, Ian LeGrice
  • Smaill, B. H. (2015). Fibrosis, myofibroblasts, and atrial fibrillation. Circulation. Arrhythmia and electrophysiology, 8 (2), 256-257. 10.1161/circep.115.002881

Contact details

Primary location

M&HS BUILDING 503 - Bldg 503
Level 4, Room 401E
New Zealand

Secondary location

Level 6 , Room 643
New Zealand